After years of progress the UK is stalling in areas such as infant mortality and immunisation levels and is lagging behind similar countries on mortality, breastfeeding, and the prevalence of obesity.
Several new reports detail the worrying state of the nation’s child health. Health professionals say that the latest figures are cause for alarm and are calling on the government to act urgently to develop a comprehensive child health strategy.
Launched on 16 May 2017, the RCPCH Sustainability and Transformation Partnership (STP) report is based on a review of the 44 published STP plans, which reveal major deficiencies – they are failing to take into account the needs of infants, children and young people. STPs are the proposals put together by the NHS and local councils to meet the health needs of the local population in 44 areas of England.
This is a comprehensive list of 25 measures of the health of UK children, ranging from specific conditions such as asthma, diabetes and epilepsy, risk factors for poor health such as obesity and a low rate of breastfeeding, to child deaths. The data provide an “across the board” snapshot of child health and wellbeing in the UK.
In this article we lay out factors that bear on the success of clinical consultations and the maintenance of the essential clinician–parent relationship at progression or deterioration of life-limiting conditions or life-threatening illnesses.
Full Text Here Adequate nutrient delivery may help to offset the catabolic burden imposed by critical illness, preventing nutritional deterioration and improving outcomes. However, questions regarding the most appropriate dose of macronutrients, the route of delivery, and particularly the timing of supplemental parenteral nutrition in critically ill children remain unanswered (Areas of Consensus and Controversy in Critical Care Nutrition for Children.). Enteral nutrition is preferable in patients with a functioning gut but may not always be feasible. Intestinal failure was incompatible with life until the 1960s, when the development of stable intravenous amino acid solutions and lipid emulsions allowed the administration of life-sustaining nourishment through the parenteral route.1 Parenteral nutrition was subsequently extended to critically ill patients when enteral nutrition was insufficient or contraindicated. As awareness of the unintended side effects of parenteral nutrition has increased, patient selection and the timing of administration are being investigated and the optimization of enteral nutrition emphasized.2