The new recommendations give clear advice to GPs and healthcare professionals about how they can accurately test children’s urine for an infection.
This will help to give them a better indication of whether the child needs antibiotics or not. Therefore assisting in the fight against antibiotic resistance, which can be caused by the misuse of medicine.
A dipstick test offers a quick and painless way to check a child’s urine for signs that their body is fighting an infection.
NICE says children between the age of three months and three years should not be given antibiotics if their dipstick test is negative.
Children over the age of three years may need to be given antibiotics if their urine dipstick analysis shows mixed results and they have other obvious symptoms of a UTI (for example painful urination).
Children under three months of age who are suspected of having a UTI should not have a dipstick test. They should be referred to paediatric specialist care and their urine sent for urgent laboratory analysis.