This guideline covers the developmental follow-up of babies, children and young people under 18 years who were born preterm (before 37+0 weeks of pregnancy). It explains the risk of different developmental problems and disorders, and specifies what extra assessments and support children born preterm might need during their growth and development.
Question What are the most accurate evaluations for diagnosing cerebral palsy early?
Findings In this systematic review of the literature, we found diagnosis can be accurately made before 6 months’ corrected age. Before 5 months’ corrected age, magnetic resonance imaging plus the General Movements Assessment or the Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination are recommended; after 5 months’ corrected age, magnetic resonance imaging (where safe and feasible), the Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination, and the Developmental Assessment of Young Children are recommended.
Meaning Early diagnosis should be the standard of care because contemporary early interventions optimize neuroplasticity and functional outcomes.
Adverse breathing events are about three times more common when using endotracheal tubes than laryngeal mask airways for infants under 12 months receiving non-urgent surgery.
Airway problems are common during anaesthesia in children, accounting for three quarters of critical incidents and a third of cardiac arrests. They are more frequent in younger children, especially infants under 12 months, who have smaller airways and rapidly use up their oxygen reserves.
Laryngeal mask airways have been used in adults and older children for over 35 years for minor and intermediate surgery. Many studies have shown them to have fewer airway-related complications than tubes. This Australian randomised controlled trial supported this, finding an adverse event rate of 53% with endotracheal tubes compared with only 18% with laryngeal mask airways.
Conventional anaesthesia teaching advises the use of endotracheal tubes in infants even for relatively minor surgery, to provide a secure airway, but incidents may be more common when placing or removing the tube than a laryngeal mask.
This edition contains feedback on the NSCB fabricated
and induced illness training, an introduction to the new
Notts. police CSE disruption team, a new NSCB/NCSCB
safer sleeping risk assessment tool and information about
the new healthy families teams as well as the usual
summary of multi-agency audit activity and an update as
to the Serious Case Review activities and findings in the
county. I trust you will find the content both interesting
This is the National Paediatric Diabetes Audit Report: Hospital Admissions, the second analysis of admissions data published by the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health. For the first time, data submitted by healthcare professionals working in paediatric diabetes units has been combined with Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) and data from the Patient Episode Database for Wales (PEDW) to provide a robust picture of diabetes-related admissions in England and Wales.
This report, from the The University of Manchester’s National Confidential Inquiry into Suicide and Homicide by People with Mental Illness (NCISH) examines the findings from a range of investigations such as coroner inquests, into the deaths by suicide of people aged under 25 between January 2014 and December 2015 in England and Wales, extracting information about the stresses they were facing when they died.
Data was collected from 922 suicides by people aged under 25 in England and Wales during 2014 and 2015. The information came from investigations by official bodies, mainly from coroners, who take evidence from families and professionals.